Search Tips

What can I find in Labordoc?

Labordoc is your access to the world's literature on the world of work. It provides access to both electronic and print books, journal articles, reports, conference papers and other documents. Almost all ILO publications are available in full text in Labordoc from 1919 to today.
For more information, see "About Labordoc".

How do I find documents?

By title, author, keyword

Any field Find items containing your search terms anywhere in the title, author, keywords, abstract, table of contents.
You can combine words from different fields such as title and author.
Author Enter a family name.
For authors with more common surnames, enter the full name or the surname and initials.
Institutions, organizations and departments can also be authors.
Subject The subject field allows you to do a precise search as long as you use ILO Thesaurus terms.
This field allows you to do a precise search as long as you use Thesaurus terms.
Title Enter keywords or phrases from the title.

By collection

Labordoc offers the possibility to browse or search within collections.

You can narrow your search by looking at only ILO publications, or more narrowly, ILO books, ILO working papers, etc. It is also possible to search just within the collections of the ILO's International Labour Conference or Governing Body. You can also search within journal articles.

At the bottom of the main page, you can select to search only within collections of individual ILO libraries and information centres. For example, ILO Bangkok.

How to limit my search by date, by language, etc.

Year You can enter a specific range of years.          Publication year:
Language Limit your search to items in one or more languages. Keep the CTRL key pressed to select different languages. Language: OR Language:
Electronic documents Limit to only documents available in full text by selecting the "e-docs only" box in Advanced search. e-docs only:
Journals Select the "journals only" box in Advanced search to find print and electronic journals by title. journals only:

More search options (Advanced search)

Articles published in a specific journal In Advanced Search enter a journal title and select "published in journal". This will retrieve selected articles from this journal.
Meeting Find conference and meeting documents by entering meeting name, place or date.
Fulltext You can search within the contents of ILO publications. For example, to find all publications that mention the name of former ILO Director-General Wilfred Jenks, open the ILO publications collection, Advanced Search and enter:
ISBN/ISSN Find items by ISBN (International Standard Book Number) or ISSN (International Standard Serial Number). You can enter the numbers with or without hyphens.
Title < You can find all titles that begin with a certain word or phrase. Enter just the first word(s) of a title.

Search tips

Phrase search and truncation

Phrase search To find an exact phrase you can use the "". Please note that this kind of search may take longer than simply entering the phrase.
Truncation Replace characters at the end of a word by the symbol * to retrieve variant forms.
"matern*" returns records containing words maternal, maternity, maternity benefit and even maternelle or maternidad in the title.
Stemming Labordoc offers automatic stemming. Similar to truncation, stemming helps you retrieve items in both singular and plural, masculine and feminine, and some other minor variations. To find an exact term without stemming, use the quotation marks " ". "profession" retrieves professions, professional and professionals.

Boolean operators

AND Find records containing all your terms.
OR Find records containing either of the terms.
NOT Exclude records containing this term.
Parentheses Return records containing either women or gender, and rural but not farm in the title. Nested parentheses are supported.
Logical operator precedence Logical operations are automatically chained from left to right. These search will find publications on both migration and construction, but not in Asia.

How to combine words

All of the words Find records containing all your terms. For example, to find publications on labour inspection in mining, type:
Any of the words Find records containing any of the items you type in the search box. For example, to find publications written by Somavia or Jenks, select the author field and type:
Phrase Find records containing an exact phrase. For example, to find publications on primary health care, you will type:

Example: To find all ILO publications on labour migration written by Somavia and published since 2002, you would first select ILO publications collection and search in the ILO Thesaurus for the appropriate keywords. Then you will type:

ILO publications

How can I get better search results?

Too many results

  1. Search within a collection:
    You may want to search within a collection, rather than the entire database. If you know that you are only interested in ILO publications, begin by clicking on ILO publications collection.

  2. Set limits to narrow you results:
    You can limit your search by language, date or location. Or limit to just electronic documents. The limits are available in Advanced search.

  3. Select fields:
    Searching on all fields (any field) will often retrieve a lot of results. Use the title, author or subject field in the main search page. In the Advanced search you can search on meeting names, publisher, journal name (for finding articles in a particular journal) and more.

  4. Enter more search terms and combine your terms with AND.
    If you add details such as more words from the title, author, country or region covered, you will narrow your results.

  5. Use the thesaurus:
    Consult the ILO Thesaurus to locate terminology used in the Labordoc subject field.

Too few results

  1. Check that you are searching in the correct collection. You may need to go back to the main search page to begin a search on the entire collection.

  2. Check that you have not left some limits selected from a previous search. Remove any unwanted date restrictions or language limits.

  3. Remove one or more terms from your search and/or change the search field to "any field".

  4. Do not use " " quotation marks for phrase searches.

How can I view items?

Sorting By default, results are sorted by most recent first. You can also sort by:
• oldest first
• relevance
• title
• author
Sort by:
Number of results displayed By default, 25 results are displayed. You can also display 10, 50, 100, 250 or 500 results in the same page. Display results
Display by collection By default, results are presented in a single liste in basic search, but split by collection (ILO publications separate) in the Advanced search. Display results
Output formats By default the results are presented in a brief format showing title, author, date, publication type and full text link if the item is available in electronic format.
The detailed format allows you to see the full bibliographic record directly in the results list without having to click on each record individually. You will also see keywords, abstract, table of contents and other language versions.
The other formats are mainly used by information professionals for sharing data.
Output format

How can I select items and print a results list?

Select all results on the page by clicking the "select all" box at the top of the results list or select one by one the items that are of interest to you.

Select the format for display:
• Bibliographic: title, author(s), publisher, date, URL and ILO Library call number.
• Brief display: title, author, date, full text link.
• Detailed display: title, author(s), publisher, meeting name, report number, journal title, date, full text links, ISBN, table of contents, abstract, alternate language versions and keywords.
The other formats are mainly used by information professionals for sharing data.

How do I obtain a document?

If the document is available in electronic format, a "full text" icon appears directly in the results list. Just click on the icon to open the document.

If there is no "full text" icon, ILO staff, including those on short term contract and interns, may request the item by clicking on the "Request" button and entering your client number and surname.
If you are not ILO staff, then you may consult the item in an ILO Library near you or make a request for an inter-library loan at your library.

If you want to know which library has a document that you want, click on the title of the item that interests you, and then on the tab "Find in an ILO Library". You will see the location(s) which have this item. ILO staff may request items held in any of the ILO libraries around the world. External users may request an interlibrary loan through your own library.

How can I be alerted to new items in my subject area?

Every search result page offers an RSS feed at the bottom of the page. Click the RSS icon to subscribe to any search or any collection to keep up to date in your area of interest.

If you have any questions about how to find information on the world of work, Ask a Librarian.

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